Week 158: Higher & Degree Apprenticeships overview – a very good week for HAs

Latest reflections on the situation in England

It was a very good week for Higher Apprenticeships with the highlights being:

  • 47 Public Relations & Communications HAs with the Government Communications Service, 29 of them in Whitehall and 18 scattered around Manchester, Bristol, Nottingham, York, Birmingham, Leeds, Newcastle and Reading;
  • 20 Investment Operations HAs with AJ Bell in Salford;
  • 20 Nursing Associate HAs in Derbyshire, mainly working in Mental Health settings and for which, as so often, a Level 3 Health background would be very advantageous;
  • 15 Project Management Associate HAs with Transport for London; and
  • 10 Software Developer HAs with Deutsche Bank at Canary Wharf.

There’s also an intriguing race going on between Data Analysts and Software Developers who continue to battle for second place in my HA listings. Data Analysts are currently winning by 1,255 to 1,254 and it couldn’t get much closer.

It was a quieter week for DAs, which is fairly normal at this time of year. However, Civil Engineers stood out yet again with a further 15 new vacancies and are well on the way to becoming the sixth DA specialism to reach 1,000 in my listings.

From a regional perspective Greater London, Greater Manchester, Yorkshire and Derbyshire were the most prominent counties, but the 29 HAs in Westminster tipped the balance in terms of my choice of featured image from my photo collection. This particular photo was taken just before I attended an evening reception in Whitehall that was addressed by the then Minister for Universities & Science, a certain Jo Johnson.    

Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland updates

Having also tracked vacancies in the three other home nations since 1st June 2022, my latest running totals are:

  • Scotland540 vacancies at SQF Levels 10/11
  • Wales78 vacancies at Levels 6/7 and 134 at Levels 4/5
  • Northern Ireland101 vacancies at Levels 4 to 7 

I will be publishing new Scotland and Wales updates soon and, hopefully, some Northern Ireland reflections when I have enough reliable data.


Since the first COVID ‘lockdown’ started on Monday 23rd March 2020, I’ve kept a record of new higher and degree apprenticeship vacancies posted in England and in doing so have built up an evolving occupational and regional analysis. I largely use data extracted daily from the government’s ‘Find an Apprenticeship’ website, whilst also keeping tabs on other national vacancy sources especially Not Going to Uni, Rate My Apprenticeship and NHS Jobs.

My target audience is Level 3 school and college leavers and those who influence and advise them. Therefore, I only include vacancies at Levels 4 to 7 that ‘work-ready’ 18/19-year-olds seeking their first permanent role could reasonably apply for, whether at the point of leaving school/college or after a few months of temporary experience. If more than a year’s permanent experience is clearly required, I don’t normally include the vacancy in my figures.

I would emphasise the term ‘work-ready’ because academic qualifications alone will never be enough to compete successfully for a higher or degree apprenticeship. Whilst a UCAS points score of 112 is the most frequently quoted minimum entry requirement for DAs (sometimes more and quite often less), it’s otherwise much more about the skills, qualities and insights an applicant can bring.

My data will never be fully reliable because not all vacancies are advertised nationally in a way that also gives an indication of actual numbers and locations. However, the analyses that I’ve built up paint an intriguing picture of what’s out there in a changing post-18 career landscape. The figures also suggest that there’s something of a mismatch between supply and demand in terms of volume (there aren’t enough to go around), location (my regional breakdown raises questions about ‘levelling up’) and the range of occupations available (which probably doesn’t align too well with student aspirations, thereby ironically leaving some vacancies hard to fill).

One further and slightly confusing factor to take into account is that it’s quite normal for some 18/19-year-old school/college leavers to apply for Level 3 apprenticeships too. It’s also true that a significant proportion of opportunities at Levels 4 to 7 will be snapped up by older applicants or even graduates and therefore work-readiness really matters to enable 18/19-year-olds to compete successfully.

Headline data

In England during the latest period from 27th March to 2nd April 2023 I recorded:

  • 84 new Degree & L7 Apprenticeship vacancies and
  • 215 new Higher Apprenticeship vacancies
  • giving a total of 299 for the week

In the 158 weeks since the start of the first COVID-19 lockdown (23rd March 2020 to 2nd April 2023) I’ve now recorded:

  • 20,140 new Degree Apprenticeships (Levels 6/7) and
  • 17,984 new Higher Apprenticeships (Levels 4/5)
  • giving a total of 38,124

The average weekly totals in the 158 weeks since lockdown have been:

  • 127 DAs + 114 HAs = 241 average weekly total

Updated analysis by county and region

By county (loosely defined), the 38,124 higher and degree apprenticeships advertised in England since the start of lockdown have been distributed as follows:

  • Greater London (9,544)
  • Yorkshire (3,268)
  • West Midlands (2,371)
  • Greater Manchester (2,127)
  • Bristol & Gloucestershire (1,657)
  • Hampshire (1,321)
  • Berkshire (1,179)
  • Hertfordshire (920)
  • Surrey (884)
  • Cheshire (775)
  • Derbyshire (763)
  • Nottinghamshire (740)
  • Tyne & Wear (738)
  • Sussex (705)
  • Cambridgeshire (664)
  • Merseyside (658)
  • Essex (638)
  • Devon (573)
  • Lancashire (554)
  • Warwickshire (544)
  • Wiltshire (514)
  • Suffolk (511)
  • Somerset & South Bristol (509)
  • Kent (498)
  • Buckinghamshire (493)
  • Cumbria (449)
  • Staffordshire (446)
  • Dorset (443)
  • Leicestershire (426)
  • Oxfordshire (410)
  • Bedfordshire (401)
  • County Durham (395)
  • Northamptonshire (334)
  • Norfolk (305)
  • Cornwall (285)
  • Worcestershire (278)
  • Lincolnshire (249)
  • Shropshire (234)
  • Isle of Wight (54)
  • Northumberland (51)
  • Herefordshire (39)
  • Rutland (13)
  • Remote-working with no central base (46)
  • Not specified (118) 

Regional data: The table below shows how those stats add up regionally in the context of the local 15 to 24-year-old population. The population figures have been extracted from the latest ONS census data published in June 2022 and my analysis provides the following information:

  • First number in bold = the latest cumulative number of vacancies for each region
  • Big number in brackets = the resident population of 15 to 24-year-olds in the region using the latest ONS data rounded to the nearest 100
  • Third figure in bold indexes my apprenticeship figures against the 15 to 24-year-old population. The ‘index’ shows the combined number of DAs and HAs since March 2020 per 1,000 of that population and the regions are then ‘ranked’ accordingly:
  •   9,544   London (1,078,600: 8.85)
  •   4,000   South West (645,800: 6.19)
  •   3,911   West Midlands (720,900: 5.43)  
  •   5,510   South East (1,040,500: 5.30)
  •   4,560   North West (884,600: 5.15)
  •   3,454   East of England (685,300: 5.04)
  •   3,282   Yorkshire & Humber (670,800: 4.89)
  •   2,465   East Midlands (593,700: 4.15)
  •   1,234   North East (313,000: 3.94)
  •      164   Remote-working/Not specified
  • 38,124   Total England (6,633,200: 5.75)

Whilst my data is always going to have flaws in it, the above comparisons nonetheless seem to raise continuing questions about ‘levelling up’. There are hints of a lack of balance between north and south and especially a distinct London-centric element. It was my curiosity about this that first prompted me to start collating regional as well as occupational data. The South West being so well-placed is perhaps surprising and Bristol takes much of the credit for that. There are also prominent hubs around Birmingham, Manchester and Leeds.    

Updated occupational analysis

Every week I update my occupational analysis, breaking the vacancies down into what I loosely define as ‘occupational areas’. In some cases these differ from the official apprenticeship standards terminology. For each occupational area the total number of vacancies since March 2020 are given below for both degree and higher apprenticeships.

Degree Apprenticeships (Levels 6/7):

In total there have been 20,140 new vacancies spread across 120 occupational areas and minimum starting salaries have ranged from £5,590 to £35,150pa, with the average being somewhere in the middle (around £19K). The occupational breakdown is as follows:

3,205 Police Constables 

2,316 Accountancy/Tax/Audit Professionals

1,818 Digital Technology Solutions (general) *see below for details

1,092 Chartered Business Managers

1,048 Software Engineers/Developers

  854 Civil Engineers

  714 Chartered Quantity Surveyors 

  641 Data Scientists/Analysts/Engineers

  626 Project Managers

  617 Nurses (485 Adult, 96 Mental Health, 30 Learning Disability, 6 Child) 

  444 Chartered Building/Property/Valuation Surveyors  

  439 Electrical/Electronic Engineers

  427 Design & Development Engineers

  381 Nuclear Engineers  

  335 Supply Chain Leaders

  295 Cyber Security Professionals

  280 Food & Drink Technologists / Production Managers

  268 Manufacturing Engineers

  263 Banking & Financial Services Professionals

  245 Digital Marketing Professionals

  243 Building Services Engineers 

  242 Solicitors 

  221 Sales Professionals

  199 Professional Economists

  195 Laboratory Scientists

  179 Aerospace Engineers

  167 Environmental Practitioners

  153 Retail Leaders

  147 Construction Managers

  130 Network Engineers

  117 Healthcare Science Practitioners (17 Cardiac Physiology, 13 Biomedical Science, 12 Medical Engineering, 12 Nuclear Medicine, 11 Radiation & Radiotherapy Physics, 11 Respiratory & Sleep Physiology, 10 Neurophysiology, 10 Radiation & Radiotherapy Engineering, 9 Audiology, 5 Digital Healthcare Science, 3 Bioinformatics, 2 Medical Physics Technology, 1 Rehabilitation Engineering, 1 Renal Specialist) 

  102 Railway/Rail Systems Engineers

  101 Operating Department Practitioners (NHS)

    93 Automation & Control Engineers   

    93 Electro-Mechanical/Mechatronics Engineers

    82 Digital User Experience (UX) Design Professionals   

    80 Project Controls Professionals

    71 Radiographers (42 Diagnostic, 29 Therapeutic)   

    66 Non-Destructive Testing Engineers

    64 Occupational Therapists

    63 Materials Science Technologists/Engineers     

    52 Creative Digital Design Professionals

    51 Building Control Surveyors

    51 Podiatrists

    45 Clinical Trials Specialists

    43 Broadcast/Communication/Media Systems Engineers

    43 Town Planners

    40 Manufacturing/Production Managers (non-food)

    40 Packaging Professionals 

    40 Social Workers 

    39 Chemical Engineers     

    35 Design & Construction Professionals

    34 Business Analysts  

    34 Chartered Rural Surveyors / Land Agents

    34 Human Resources Professionals  

    34 Weapons Munitions & Explosives Engineers

    32 Recruitment Professionals

    32 Transport Planners    

    28 Environmental Health Officers

    23 Architectural Assistants

    22 GIS / Geospatial Mapping & Surveying Professionals

    22 Marketing/Brand Managers

    19 Geotechnical Engineers

    18 Insurance Professionals

    18 Journalists

    18 Public Health Practitioners

    17 Physiotherapists

    15 Fire Safety Engineers

    15 Forestry Professionals

    11 Midwives      

    10 Dietitians

      9 Business Managers (Social Change)

      9 Propulsion Engineers

      8 Agricultural/Horticultural Advisers

      8 Gas Transmission Engineers

      7 Land Buyers

      6 Actuarial Professionals

      6 Sport Development Officers

      5 Chartered Legal Executives   

      5 Operations Analysts

      5 Speech & Language Therapists

      4 Assistant Buyers

      4 Assistant Teachers / Learning Coaches

      3 Building Information Modelling (BIM) Specialists

      3 Digital Transformation Engineers

      3 Education Technology Specialists

      3 Fitness/Leisure Centre Managers

      3 TV Production Managers

      2 Licensed Conveyancers

      2 Pensions Professionals

      2 Tax Technologists

      1 Charity Manager

      1 Community Centre Manager

      1 Events Manager

      1 Facilities Manager

      1 Games Programmer

      1 Human Performance Engineer 

      1 Lighting Designer

      1 Marine Engineer

      1 Population Health Intelligence Analyst

      1 Prosthetist & Orthotist

      1 Sonographer 

      1 Youth Worker    

*Digital Technology Solutions (general) has encompassed or led to the following range of specialisms:   

IT Consultant, Software Engineer, Data Analyst, Cyber Security Specialist, Software Developer, Software Tester, Network Engineer, Data Scientist, Global Data Analyst, Data Product Specialist, Data Architect, Network Architect, Enterprise Architect, Digital Solutions Architect, Technology Architect, Solutions Consultant, Software Implementation Consultant, Software Consultant, Technical Consultant, Functional Consultant, Business Consultant, Project Manager, Project Co-ordinator, Business Intelligence (BI) Developer, Business Systems Developer, Automation Developer, Automation Test Developer, Full Stack Developer, Digital Developer, Prototype Developer, Technology Manager, Legal Technologist, Innovation Technologist, Innovation Design Analyst, Agile Analyst, Applications Support Analyst, Technical Support Analyst, Business Analyst, Business Technology Analyst, Network Strategy Analyst, Global Mobility Analyst, Content Analyst, Security Operations Analyst, Process Mining Analyst, SAP Analyst, User Experience Researcher, Junior Product Manager, Infrastructure Specialist, FinTech Specialist, DevOps Engineer, Solutions Engineer, Digital Solutions Engineer, Systems Engineer, Business Systems Engineer, Automation Engineer, IT Support Engineer, Technical Support Engineer, Service Desk Engineer, Cloud Engineer, Quality Assurance Engineer, Sales Engineer, Sales Account Manager, Sales Operations Manager, Scientific Computing Specialist, Platform Manager, Service Manager, Engineering Information Manager, Information Management Technology Specialist, Control Systems Specialist, Amazon Web Services Specialist, Supervisory Control & Data Acquisition Specialist, Fixed Telecoms Specialist, Operations Support Analyst, Support Desk Analyst, IT Support Analyst, IT Service Desk Analyst, IT/Computing Technician, Second Line Support Technician, WordPress Developer, Public Health Intelligence Officer, Technology Operations & Service Delivery Specialist, Digital Manufacturing Engineer, Electronic Systems Design & Development Engineer, Solution Engineering & Development Specialist, Client Delivery Specialist, Client Success Specialist, Client Consultant, Operations Resilience & Change Specialist, Microsoft 365 Product Specialist, Innovation Foundry Specialist and Continuous Improvement & Automation Specialist.

That’s some list (currently 91) and it’s still growing.

Higher Apprenticeships (Levels 4/5):

In total there have been 17,984 new vacancies spread across 160 occupational areas and minimum starting salaries have ranged from £5,002 to £35,000pa (the average being around £17K, except for Sports Coaches which average around £8K). The occupational breakdown is as follows: 

1,646 Sales Executives

1,255 Data Analysts

1,254 Software Developers 

1,197 Project Management Associates

1,165 Accounting Technicians

  922 Sports Coaches (Children & Young People)   

  561 Construction Site Supervisors

  514 Nursing Associates

  474 Business Analysts  

  465 Manufacturing Engineering Technicians 

  415 Network Engineers

  384 Quantity Surveying Technicians  

  367 Taxation Technicians

  343 Cyber Security Technologists

  342 Software Testers

  325 Public Relations & Communications Assistants

  323 Commercial Procurement & Supply Practitioners

  280 Civil/Site Engineering Technicians

  266 Electrical/Electronic Engineering Technicians

  255 Building Services Engineering Technicians

  252 Buying & Merchandising Assistants

  250 Retail Managers

  225 Children/Youth/Family Practitioners

  222 Healthcare Associate Practitioners (150 Reablement, 59 Multidisciplinary, 5 Mammography, 5 Speech Therapy, 2 Continuing Healthcare, 1 Occupational Therapy)

  207 Investment Operations Specialists

  201 Insurance Practitioners  

  196 Technician Scientists

  194 Marketing Executives

  190 DevOps Engineers

  177 Policy Practitioners

  156 Early Years Lead Practitioners

  150 Regulatory Compliance Officers

  149 Construction Design & Build Technicians

  148 Junior Management Consultants

  144 Associate Ambulance Practitioners

  122 Human Resources Specialists     

  115 Mineral Products Technicians 

  108 Healthcare Science Associates (32 Audiology & Hearing Aid Dispensers, 28 Medical Engineering Technicians, 22 Cardiac & Respiratory/Sleep Physiology, 9 Radiography, 6 Genetics, 3 Tissue Retrieval, 2 Medical Physics, 2 Phlebotomy, 1 Biochemistry, 1 Biomedicine, 1 Neurophysiology, 1 Rehabilitation Engineering)  

  102 Quality Practitioners

    95 Food Technology/Manufacturing Technicians 

    92 Corporate Responsibility & Sustainability Practitioners  

    92 Nuclear Technicians  

    87 Hospitality Managers

    76 Automotive Engineering/Propulsion Technicians

    72 Recruitment Consultants

    66 Internal Audit Practitioners

    64 Actuarial Technicians

    63 Financial Advisers/Paraplanners   

    55 Vehicle Damage Assessors     

    52 Adult Social Care Lead Practitioners       

    52 Automation & Controls Technicians

    52 Brewers 

    49 Intelligence Analysts

    48 Journalists

    44 Revenue & Welfare Benefits Officers    

    43 Dairy Technologists

    43 Operations Managers   

    41 Railway Engineering Technicians

    37 TV/Media Production Co-ordinators

    35 Learning/Skills & Development Practitioners

    34 Business Improvement Practitioners 

    29 Information Managers    

    29 Ordnance Munitions & Explosives Technicians

    28 Housing/Property/Lettings Managers

    28 Market Research Executives

    24 Applications Support Leads

    24 Engineer Surveyors

    24 Police Community Support Officers

    23 Estate Agency Negotiators

    23 Paralegals

    22 Audiovisual Technicians

    19 Acoustics Technicians

    19 Countryside Rangers

    17 BEMS Controls Engineers (Building Energy Management Systems)

    17 Land Referencers      

    15 Fibre Cable Engineers

    15 Smart Energy Engineers

    12 Broadcast & Media Systems Technicians

    12 Digital Community Managers

    11 Film/TV Post-Production Technical Operators

    11 Hygiene Specialists

    10 Air Traffic Controllers

    10 Employability Practitioners

    10 Football Coaches

      9 Engineering Maintenance Technicians

      9 Naval Architects / Marine Engineering Technicians

      9 Railway/Passenger Transport Operations Managers

      8 Counter Fraud Investigators    

      7 Computer Games Developers

      7 Facilities Managers

      7 School Business Professionals     

      6 Antisocial Behaviour & Community Safety Officers

      6 Dental Technicians

      6 Digital Accessibility Specialists

      6 Fire Safety Inspectors

      6 Rehabilitation Officers (Visual Impairment) 

      6 Town Planning Technicians 

      5 Architectural Technicians

      5 Broadcasting Technical Operators

      5 Visual Merchandisers

      4 Aircraft Certifying Technicians

      4 Asset Managers

      4 Gymnastics/Trampoline Coaches & Rebound Therapists

      4 Space Engineering Technicians

      4 Unified Communications Trouble Shooters

      3 Data Protection Practitioners     

      3 Early Intervention Practitioners

      3 Fashion & Textiles Technologists

      3 Historic Site Advisers

      3 Music Teachers

      3 Padel Coaches

      3 Pensions Administrators

      3 Port Marine Operations Officers

      3 Senior Culinary Chefs

      3 Sports Development Officers   

      3 Utilities Technicians

      2 Arboriculturists      

      2 Auctioneers

      2 Building Information Modelling (BIM) Technicians

      2 Chaplains

      2 Energy Specialists

      2 Music Recording Technicians

      2 Payroll Assistant Managers

      2 Tax Technology Technicians

      2 Travel Executives

      2 VFX Artists

      2 Water Recycling Engineers

      1 Chemical Process Technician

      1 Clinical Coder

      1 Cricket Coach

      1 Cultural Heritage Conservation Technician

      1 Customs & Foreign Exchange Expert

      1 Fitness Club Manager

      1 Fitness Instructor

      1 Health Informatics Specialist

      1 Horticultural / Landscape Design Practitioner

      1 Lighting Designer

      1 Metrology Technician

      1 Outdoor Learning Specialist

      1 Process Leader

      1 Proposals Co-ordinator

      1 Tennis Coach

      1 Wedding Accessories Designer

      1 Wedding Venue Co-ordinator

Going forward

All being well I will continue posting weekly or fortnightly updates, usually on Sunday nights or Monday mornings.   

© Alan Bullock Careers, 3/4/2023


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